Introduction to Task Analysis
It is important to have the right data sheets to do effective ABA! This week, we have a free task analysis sheet that you can use to teach students more complex skills such as washing hands, tying shoes, using the bathroom, etc. In short, task analysis is a strategy in ABA where a complex skill such as putting on a shirt is broken down into simple component steps (e.g., take shirt out of drawer, hold with both hands, slide over head, put one arm through, etc.). Doing so allows you to use chaining techniques to teach children complex skills one step at a time. If you want to learn more, here is a recent blog post: What is Chaining in ABA?
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FREE Task Analysis PDF.
How To Use Our Free Task Analysis Data Sheet
The Task Analysis data sheet is divided into five columns. To use the sheet, you can follow these simple five steps (duplicated on the printable PDF as well):
- Write each step of the task in the “task” column.
- Mark today’s date above the Score (1) column.
- As the student completes each step, mark the score (+/-) and prompt level in columns marked (1).
- Total the score by dividing the number of correct answers by the total number of steps (e.g., 10/15 = 67%).
- You can do another trial on this same sheet and collect data using the columns marked (2).
Example of Completed Task Analysis Data Sheet
If you are interested in downloading a set of completed task analyses for four common hygiene tasks, we have completed ones for the following skills:
- Brushing Hair
- Brushing Teeth
- Washing Hands
- Using Bathroom
We also created task analyses for the following dressing skills:
- Putting on a Jacket – 2 sets of instructions for younger and older kids
- Putting on Pants
- Putting on a Shirt
- Putting on Socks and Shoes
If you are interested in purchasing these task analysis data sheets, please see the links below to completed task analyses for our two packs: getting dressed and hygiene!